Founding and Growth
  Koguryo Builds up a Great Empire
  Koguryo's Wars with Sui and Tang
  Downfall and Succession of Koguryo
  The Forgotten Glory of Koguryo Reviving
 
 

Koguryo's wars with Sui and Tang

  Koguryo's Wars with Sui and Tang  

  Even in its heyday, a crisis once befell Koguryo. There was a series of confrontations among the nobility over the succession issue in the 540s. Taking advantage of this domestic disarray, the newly emerging nomadic power, Tuchueh, launched an attack from the north in the 550s and Baekje and Silla attacked from the south. Koguryo in the end had to cede the mid-section of the Korean peninsula to Silla and concentrated its efforts on repulsing Tuchueh, and was victorious.

A more serious challenge descended upon Koguryo during the second half of the sixth century. The four-power set-up in East Asia was collapsing, when the new Sui Empire emerged. Sui managed to unify numerous nations competing for supremacy in the Huang and Yangtze River regions and even destroyed Tuchueh, who had been ruling the northeastern plains. This led Sui forces face to face with Koguryo, which was still pursuing expansionist policies. In preparation for a war with Sui, Koguryo collected lots of information, spurred on weapons development, strengthened its internal cohesion and braced itself for a war. In 612, Sui attacked Koguryo with millions of troops. Koguryo scored a major victory at the battle of Salsu River by annihilating most of the 305,000-strong Sui troops. Subsequently, Koguryo successfully repulsed three more major attacks. Ultimately, this series of defeats led to the downfall of the Sui Empire itself.

Thirty years later, Koguryo had to wage a war against the Tang, the Chinese successor to Sui. In 645, it repulsed hundreds of thousands of Tang forces in combats at the western frontier's strategic points of Sinseong, Geonan and Anshi fortresses and Mt. Jupil. The commander of Chinese forces was King Taejong himself, known as the greatest king in Chinese history. In 661, mobilizing hundreds of thousands of troops, Tang again came attacking Koguryo, but its ambitions were frustrated the following February as the main component of Chinese forces was routed.


[Source : Korea.Net]
 


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